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チャボとバンタム
Chabo and bantam

チャボ 矮鶏 ちゃぼ chabo

これまで深川景義著「ちゃぼ」(地球出版)の標準を掲載してきましたが、先日、全日本チャボ保存協会より同協会が制定した「天然記念物チャボ審査標準」を頂戴しましたので、こちらを中心に併記します。

 体重は昭和初期初版の深川景義著の標準では、内種の維持のためには軽量すぎると判断され、昭和10年頃になって、2035%程度重いものとしたようです。

矮鶏共通の標準

全日本チャボ保存協会制定

「天然記念物チャボ審査標準」に掲載

(昭和10年版、養鶏組合中央会、家禽体型標準)

頭:稍大にして、広く、顔は円く滑らか。

冠(かん):単片にして大きく、頭上に直立し整然たる五歯に分裂する。

肉髯(にくぜん):冠に調和した大きさで、円く開き垂下する。

嘴(くちばし):勁(つよ)く僅かに彎曲する。

眼:割合大きくよく張る。

耳朶(じだ):大にして円滑なり。

頸(くび):稍短くして、著しく後方に彎曲し、豊多の頸羽はよく肩を覆う。

軀幹(たいかん):極めて短くまるく良く充実する。

背:甚だ短く広く、鞍羽は豊多なり。

胸:よく充実して円く、前方に凸出す。

腹:短く深く且つ緊実し、軟羽は密にして短し。

翼:大にして長く、翼尖は著しく下垂して地面に達する。

尾:尾筒は、頗る大にして、よく開張し、直立して冠尾に接触せんとす。謡羽は長く殆ど直立し微に湾曲し、覆尾羽は豊多にしてよく主尾羽の上に拡がる。

脚及び趾(ゆび):腿は太さ中等にして極めて短く、脛は滑らかにして頗る短く、趾は小にして真直、よく開張する。

頭:稍大きく広く、顔は円く滑らか。

冠(かん):単片にして大きさ中等、頭上に緊著直立し整然たる五歯に分裂する。


肉髯(にくぜん):大きさ中位にしてで円し。

嘴(くちばし):勁(つよ)くよく彎曲する。

眼:大きくてよく張る。

耳朶(じだ):大きさ中等にして円滑なり。

頸(くび):短く著しく後方に彎曲する。

軀幹(たいかん):極めて短く円く充実する。

背:甚だ短く、広く鞍羽豊多なり。

胸:充実して円く凸出す。

腹:短く深く且つ充実し、軟羽は短し。

翼:大にして長く、翼尖は著しく下垂して地面達する。

尾:尾筒は、大にして、よく開張拡張し、直立しする。

脚及び趾(ゆび):腿は太さ中等にして極めて短く、脛は滑らかにして頗る短く太く、趾は小にして真直によく開張する。
















Common Standard of Chabo Breeds

Beak: Strong and curved; yellow in colour

Head: Large and wide

Eyes: Large, round and lovely; reddish orange in colour

Comb: Single, Medium, with five leaves, smooth surface, surmounted on head

Wattles and ear lobes: Large, round and smooth

Neck: Short, leaning back

Hackle: Rich, long (mottle bleeds: hen-feathered)

Breast: Prominent

Back: Short, and wide

Saddle feather: Rich and long(mottle bleeds: hen-feathered)

Tail: Very large and open out, approaching comb

Sickles: Tall, surmount or slightly curved to back(mottle bleeds: hen- feathered)

Wings: Large, long and dropping ground

Legs: Very short, thick with no feathers

Toes: Short, straight and open out

Variety standards

Classification of plumage colour

1. Japanese name: Siro English name: White

Comb: Red, Wattles: Red, Ear lobes: Red, Beak: Yellow, Eyes: Red, Legs: Yellow, All feathers: White, Chick down colour: White, Cream

2. Japanese name: Kuro , English name: Black

Comb: Red or blackish red, Wattles: Red or blackish red, Ear lobes: Red or blackish red, Beak: Yellow or blackish yellow, Eyes: Reddish chest nut, Legs: Yellow or blackish yellow, All feathers: Greenish black(shining colour), Skin: Black , Chick down colour:Black

3. Japanese name: Sin-kuro , English name: Whole Black

Comb: Black, Wattles: Black , Ear lobes: Black, Beak: Deep black, Eyes: Black ,Legs: Deep black , All feathers: Black(mat colour), Skin: Black, Chick down colour: Deep black

4. Japanese name: Asaghi , English name: Blue

Comb: Red, Wattles: Red, Ear lobes: Red, Beak: Yellow or blackish yellow, Eyes: Reddish chest nut, Legs: Yellow or blackish yellow, All feathers: Blue(with dark hackle), Chick down colour:Blue

5. Japanese name: Usuge-syoujyo , English name: Light buff

Comb: Red, Wattles: Red, Ear lobes: RedBeak: Yellow, Eyes: Red, Legs: Yellow, Head, Hackles, Back, Wing bow and Saddle feathers: male; reddish buff(brilliant colour), Other feathers: Buff, Chick down colour: Brown

6. Japanese name: Go-ishi , English name: Mottled(black and white spangled)

Comb: Red, Wattles: Red, Ear lobes: Red, Beak: Yellow, Eyes: RedLegs: Yellow, All feathers: Black(each feathers with large white spots, henfeathered), Chick down colour: White or cream(head back: black spot)

7. Japanese name: Sakura go-ishi , English name: Red mottled(white and white spangled)

Comb: Red, Wattles: Red, Ear lobes: Red, Beak: Yellow, Eyes: Red, Legs: Yellow, All feathers: Brown(each feathers with large white spots, henfeathered), Chick down colour: White or cream(head back: dark brown spot)

8. Japanese name: Mi-iro go-ishi, English name: Tri coloured mottled(mille fleur or speckled)

Comb: Red, Wattles: Red, Ear lobes: Red, Beak: Yellow, Eyes: Red, Legs: Yellow, All feathers: Brown (each feathers with black bands and large white spots, henfeathered), Chick down colour: White or cream(head back: dark brown spot)

9. Japanese name: Katura, English name: Black Tailed White

Comb: Red, Wattles: Red, Ear lobes: Red, Beak: Yellow, Eyes: Red, Legs: Yellow, Head, Hackles, Back, Wing bow, Wing coverts, Saddle feathers and Breast: White, Primaries: Black (mat colour), Secondaries inside half: Black(mat colour, white laced), Secondaries outside half: White, Main tail feathers: Black(mat colour), Sickles and Tail coverts: Black(mat colour, white laced), Chick down colour: White, Cream

10. Japanese name: Syoujyo, English name: Black tailed buff

Comb: Red, Wattles: Red, Ear lobes: Red, Beak: Yellow, Eyes: Red, Legs: Yellow, Head, Hackles, Back, Wing bow, wing coverts, Saddle feathers and breast: male; reddish buff(brilliant colour), Primaries: Black(mat colour), Secondaries inside half: Black(mat colour, buff laced), Secondaries outside half: Buff, Main tail feathers: Black(mat colour), Sickles and Tail coverts: Black(mat colour, buff laced), Chick down colour: Yellowish orange

11. Japanese name: Siro-sasa, English name: Gray(white hackled)

Comb: Red, Wattles: Red, Ear lobes: Red, Beak: Yellow, Eyes: Red, Legs: Yellow, Head, Hackles and Saddle feathers: White, Breast: Black, Back, Wing bow and Wing coverts,: White(and black stripe), Primaries: Greenish black, Secondaries inside half: Greenish black, Secondaries outside half: White, Main tail feathers: Greenish black with white laced, Sickles and Tail coverts: Greenish black, Chick down colour: Gray(head and back: reddish black stripe)

12. Japanese name: Ghin-sasa, English name: Birchen(silver hackled)

Comb: Red, Wattles: Red, Ear lobes: Red, Beak: Yellow, blackish yellow(upper beak), Eyes: Red, Legs: Yellow or blackish yellow, Head, Hackles and Saddle feathers: Silver white with wide black stripe, Other feathers: Greenish black, Chick down colour: Black

13. Japanese name: Aka-sasa , English name: Black breasted red(red hackled)

Comb: Red, Wattles: Red, Ear lobes: Red, Beak: Yellow, Eyes: Red, Legs: Yellow, Head, Hackles and Saddle feathers: Brown(and black stripe), Breast: Black,Back, Wing bow and Wing coverts,: Brown red, Primaries: Greenish black, Secondaries inside half: Greenish black, Secondaries outside half: Brown, Main tail feathers: Greenish black with brown laced, Sickles, Tail coverts: Greenish black, Chick down colour: Brown Gray(head and back: reddish black stripe)

14. Japanese name: Khin-sasa, English name: Golden hackledComb: RedWattles: RedEar lobes: Red, Beak: Yellow, Eyes: Red, Legs: Yellow, Head, Hackles and Saddle feathers: Golden(and black stripe), Breast: Black, Back, Wing bow and Wing coverts,: Brown red, Primaries: Greenish black, Secondaries inside half: Greenish black, Secondaries outside half: Brown, Main tail feathers: Greenish black with brown laced, Sickles and Tail coverts: Greenish black, Chick down colour: Brown Gray(head and back: reddish black stripe)

15. Japanese name: Ghin-suzunami , English name: Cuckoo

Comb: Red, Wattles: Red, Ear lobes: Red, Beak: Yellow, Eyes: Red or reddish chest nut, Legs: Yellow, All feathers: Gray(each feathers with fine black barring, mat colour), Chick down colour: Black(with white spot on top of head)

16. Japanese name: Khin-suzunami, English name: Lemon cuckoo

Comb: Red, Wattles: Red, Ear lobes: Red, Beak: Yellow, Eyes: Red or reddish chest nut, Legs: Yellow, All feathers: Yellowish white(each feathers with fine Buff barring, brilliant colour), Chick down colour: Brown

17. Japanese name: Gen-pei , English name: Pyle(red and white)

Comb: Red, Wattles: Red, Ear lobes: Red, Beak: Yellow, Eyes: Red, Legs: Yellow, Head feathers: Reddish chest nut, Back, Wing bow, Wing coverts and misaki-bane,: Reddish chest nut or reddish yellow, Breast and down feathers: Light reddish yellow, Other feathers: White, Chick down colour: white(head: reddish white)

18. Japanese name: Kurakake-gen-pei, English name: Red saddled white

Comb: Red, Wattles: Red, Ear lobes: Red, Beak: Yellow, Eyes: Red, Legs: Yellow, Back, Wing bow, Wing coverts and misaki-bane,: Reddish chest nut or reddish yellow, Breast and down feathers: Light reddish yellow, Other feathers: White, Chick down colour: white

19. Japanese name: Capitan syoujyo, English name: Black tailed red

Comb: Red, Wattles: Red, Ear lobes: Red, Beak: Yellow, Eyes: Red, Legs: Yellow, Head, Hackles, Breast, Back, Wing bow, Wing coverts and Saddle feathers: Reddish chest nut(mahogany), Primaries: Black, Secondaries inside half: Black, Secondaries outside half: Reddish chest nut, Main tail feathers: Black, Sickles and Tail coverts: Black, Chick down colour: Coppery red

20.Japanese name: Ki-sasa , English name: Brown

Comb: Red, Wattles: Red, Ear lobes: Red, Beak: Yellow, Eyes: Red, Legs: Yellow, Head, Hackles and Saddle feathers: Yellowish brown(and black stripe), Breast: Black, Back, Wing bow and Wing coverts,: Yellowish brown, Primaries: Greenish black, Secondaries inside half: Greenish black, Secondaries outside half: Brown, Main tail feathers: Greenish black with brown laced, Sickles, Tail coverts: Greenish black, Chick down colour: Brown Gray(head and back: reddish black stripe)


Classification of shape

21. Japanese name: Saka-ge English name: Frizzled

22. Japanese name: Ito-ge English name: Silky

23. Japanese name: Oho-zaka English name: Large comb

24. Japanese name: Daruma English name: Pinch tailed

25. Japanese name: Okina English name: Bearded